Adams Flea & Tick Home & Carpet Spray CANCELLED

Risk Level: 
Use sparingly and avoid if pregnant or around young childrenUse sparingly and avoid if pregnant or around young children
Description:

A flea and tick spray for home furnishings and carpet. THIS PRODUCT IS NO LONGER IN PRODUCTION AND SHOULD BE DISPOSED OF. Check with your sanitation department to determine if it should be disposed as Household Hazardous Waste.

Chemicals:
Etofenprox -- 

Etofenprox is one of a class of synthetic chemicals, called pyrethroids, that are derived from natural chemicals found in chrysanthemums. The synthetic varieties are significantly more potent and persistent than naturally occurring products. Exposures to pyrethroids can result in a variety of symptoms, especially in pets, including drooling, lethargy, muscle tremors, vomiting, seizures and death. Toxicity symptoms in humans include asthmatic breathing, sneezing, nasal stuffiness, headache, nausea, incoordination, tremors, convulsions, facial flushing and swelling, and burning and itching sensation. [note #1] Early studies suggest that exposure to pyrethroids could impact the developing brain. [source] Etofenprox also disrupts the endocrine system, specifically thyroid hormone, and is toxic to the developing nervous system. Etofenprox, like other pyrethroids is known to be very toxic to cats, causing muscle tremors, seizures, salivation, vomiting and even death. Veterinarians caution against using pyrethroid containing products if there are cats in the home.

Note #1: EPA Pyrethrins/Pyrethroid Cumulative Risk Assessment, October, 2011 (EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0746-0003). Page 11

Toxicity:
  • Toxic to the nervous system
  • Endocrine disruptor
  • Very toxic to cats
Prallethrin -- 

Prallethrin is one of a class of synthetic chemicals, called pyrethroids, that are derived from natural chemicals found in chrysanthemums. Exposures to pyrethroids can result in a variety of symptoms, especially in pets, including drooling, lethargy, muscle tremors, vomiting, seizures and death. Toxicity symptoms in humans include asthmatic breathing, sneezing, nasal stuffiness, headache, nausea, incoordination, tremors, convulsions, facial flushing and swelling, and burning and itching sensation. [note #1] Early studies suggest that exposure to pyrethroids could impact the developing brain. [source] Prallethrin is listed by the European Union as an endocrine disruptor. Pyrthroids are known to be very toxic to cats and owners should be cautioned against using them if cats are present in the home.

Note #1: EPA Pyrethrins/Pyrethroid Cumulative Risk Assessment, October, 2011 (EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0746-0003). Page 11

Toxicity:
  • Toxic to the nervous system
  • Suspected endocrine disruptor
  • Very toxic to cats
Pyriproxyfen -- 

Pyriproxyfen, like S-Methoprene, is an IGR and has very little toxic effect on humans. According to EPA, pyriproxyfen has a very low acute toxicity and is classified as "Group E: Evidence of non-carcinogenicity for humans." [source] Pyriproxyfen is listed as a least-toxic chemical control by the Integrated Pest Management Practitioner. And it is listed on EcoWise Certified IPM Program Materials List.

Toxicity:
  • Safer chemical -- however, all pesticides should be used with caution and in consultation with a veterinarian.
Safer Alternatives: 
  • Pesticide-free carpet cleaners, excluding those that contain perchloroethylene or naphthalene.
  • Wash bedding in hot, soapy water once a week.
  • Vacuum the home once a week. Empty the vacuum bag and dispose its contents.
  • Comb daily with a fine-toothed flea comb and rinse the comb teeth in hot, soapy water between strokes.
  • Look for repellent sprays made with essential oils of lemongrass, cedarwood, peppermint, rosemary or thyme.
  • For severe problems that require chemical intervention, look for lower risk products such as those using Pyriproxyfen, Nitenpyram, Spinosad, S-Methoprene, or Lufenuron as the active ingredient. 
  • For more tips on safer flea and tick management, see How to Control Fleas and Ticks Without Chemicals.