Adams Plus Flea and Tick Yard Spray

Risk Level: 
Avoid UseAvoid Use
Description:

Attach concentrated spray to yard hose to kill fleas, ticks, cockroaches, ants, spiders and other insects in the yard.

Chemicals:
Permethrin -- 

Permethrin is one of a class of synthetic chemicals, called pyrethroids, that are derived from natural chemicals found in chrysanthemums. The synthetic varieties are significantly more potent and persistent than naturally occurring products. Exposures to pyrethroids can result in a variety of symptoms, especially in pets, including drooling, lethargy, muscle tremors, vomiting, seizures and death. Toxicity symptoms in humans include asthmatic breathing, sneezing, nasal stuffiness, headache, nausea, incoordination, tremors, convulsions, facial flushing and swelling, and burning and itching sensation. [note #1] Early studies suggest that exposure to pyrethroids could impact the developing brain. [source] Permethrin has been classified by EPA as "likely to be carcinogenic to humans." [source] Permethrin is also suspected to disrupt the endocrine system. [source] Exposure to permethrin may cause numbing, tingling, or burning sensation on one's skin. Permethrin is known to be very toxic to cats, causing muscle tremors, seizures, salivation, vomiting and even death. Veterinarians caution against using permethrin containing products if there are cats in the home.

Note #1: EPA Pyrethrins/Pyrethroid Cumulative Risk Assessment, October, 2011 (EPA-HQ-OPP-2011-0746-0003). Page 11

Toxicity:
  • Likely to cause cancer
  • Linked to asthma and allergies
  • Toxic to the nervous system
  • Suspected endocrine disruptor
  • Very toxic to cats
Safer Alternatives: 
  • Wash bedding in hot, soapy water once a week.
  • Vacuum the home once a week. Empty the vacuum bag and dispose its contents.
  • Comb daily with a fine-toothed flea comb and rinse the comb teeth in hot, soapy water between strokes.
  • Look for repellent sprays made with essential oils of lemongrass, cedarwood, peppermint, rosemary or thyme.
  • For more tips on safer flea and tick management, see How to Control Fleas and Ticks Without Chemicals.